b. Unusual Terrain Driving Techniques
Do not shift into any lower gear than is necessary to maintain
headway. Attempt to maintain a constant engine speed. Over-
revving engine will cause the wheels to slip, and traction will be lost.
Before ascending or descending steep hills, stop vehicle, place
transmission to N (neutral), and shift transfer case to L (low
range). Failure to shift transfer case to L (low range) before
ascending or descending steep hills may result in damage to
(1) Before climbing a steep hill, shift the transfer case into L (low range)
and the automatic transmission into 1 (first). If wheels start to slip, walk the
vehicle the last few remaining feet of a hill by swinging the front wheels sharply
left and right if situation permits. This action will provide fresh bite into the
surface and will usually result in enough traction to complete the climb.
When L (low range) is used for engine braking while descending
steep grades, avoid sharp continuous turns. Failure to avoid sharp
continuous turns while operating transfer case in range may cause
damage to drivetrain.
(2) You can proceed safely down a steep grade by shifting the transfer case into
L (low range) and the transmission into 2 (second) or 1 (first). Let the vehicle go
slowly down the hill with all four wheels turning against engine compression.
Do not travel diagonally across a hill unless it is absolutely necess-
ary, or injury to personnel or damage to equipment may result.
(3) When moving across a slope, choose the least angle possible, keep
moving, and avoid turning quickly.
(4) If it is difficult to shift out of a locked range, drivetrain torque buildup
may have occured. If necessary to relieve drivetrain torque buildup when leaving
a low traction surface for a high traction surface, the vehicle should be backed up
for a distance of approximately 5 ft (1.5 m) before proceeding.
2-30. COLD WEATHER STARTING BELOW +32°F (0°C)
Starting aids will not be used on the engine. Use of starting aids
will cause damage to vehicle, injury, or death.
(1) Start engine (para. 2-10).
Do not use the hand throttle as an automatic speed or cruise
control. The hand throttle does not automatically disengage when
brake is applied, resulting in increased stopping distances and
possible hazardous and unsafe operation.
Do not fully apply hand throttle when engine is not under load.
If engine cranks slowly and voltmeter indicates low battery charge
level, attempt to slave start vehicle (para. 2-23). If vehicle still will
not start, perform troubleshooting procedures in table 3-1.